Boundaries of Goalpara District: Barpeta and Kamrup District on the east; Bongaigaon district on the north; Meghalaya on the South; and Dhubri on the West. Total Area of Goalpara District : 1,824 sq km
Total Population : 10,08,183 (Male- 5,13,292, Female- 4.94,891 )
Sex Ratio– 964 female per 1000 male.
Literacy Rate– 67 37% (Male- 72.46%, Female- 63.13% )
Density- 553 persons per sq km.
District HQ- Goalpara (Sub-Division- 1. Goalpara , 2. Lakhipur )
Main Rivers & Tributaries of Goalpara District: Dhudhnoi, Krishnai, Deosila, Jinjiram.
Main Beels of Goalpara District: Tamranga. Kanora, Urpad, Nalga, Hashila, Kumari etc.
Main Important Places of Goalpara District: Pancharatna. Tukreswaree, Sri-surjya, Chandardinga etc.
Goalpara is a district of west Assam hemmed in between the river Brahmaputra in the north and Meghalaya in the south. The topography of Goalpara district is generally characterised by an almost flat plain except for few low forested hills that break the monotony of the terrain. The main Hills are Pancharatna, Srisurjya, Tukreswaree. Nalanga and Paglartek with elevations ranging from 100 to 500 m. The significance of the district is the existence of a large number of char (riverine tracts and sandy river island) in the river Brahmaputra. The mighty river Brahmaputra flows east to west on the northern boundary of the district and the main tributaries are Dudhnoi. Krishnai, Jinjiram and Jinary. Dudhhoi and Krishnai originate from the hills of Meghalaya, then join each other on the western part of Matia and flows as river Mornoi upto its confluence with the Brahmaputra. The Jinjiram originates from Urpad Beel flows parallel to the Brahmaputra and ultimately joins near South Sa!mare of Dhubri district. The rivers are all perennial in nature There are a few other minor streams in the district. A number of beets such as Urpad Beel, Hashila Beel, Kumn Beel and Dhamar Risan Beel exist Several other artificial ponds are also seen. There are a number of reserve forests. The district is the home to a large number of different communities such as Rabhas. Bodos. Garos, Koch-Rajbongshis, Yougis (nath), Goals (Ghose). Hires. Sutra-dhars and indigenous Muslims. The climate in the district is moderate during the winter and hot in summer. Rain makes its first appearance in the month of April with occasional and irregular light showers and at times. heavy downpour followed by cyclonic storm. This irregular rainfall continues up to the end of May. Monsoon rain normally begins from the early part of the month of June and heavy to very heavy rain occurs in the district till the month of September. The maximum temperature is 33 degree celsius during July and August and the mercury dips up to 7 degree in January. The district is primarily agrarain as 90% of the population depend upon their livelihood on agriculture. The principle agriculture produce are paddy, jute, green and black gram. potato etc. However, the district is also known for its production of arecanut and banana. A big banana market has come up at Darangiri. The avenues of the district have opened up and the problems of transport and communication lessened with the opening of rail-cum-road bridge, the Naranarayan Setu. over the river Brahmaputra and completion of the construction of the railway track from Jogighopa to Kamakhya. It is also expected that the proposed lndustnal Growth Centre at Matia will give a big boost to the development of industries in the district in the days ahead. In 1983 Goalpara Civil Sub-Division was separated from original Goalpara district and the presents Goalpara district was formed There are five Revenue Circles and eight Community Development Blocks in the district. Located on the foothills of Meghalaya and on the bank of the mighty river Brahmaputra. Goalpara district is endowed with scenic beauty. The evergreen forests on low Hills with its undulating landscape have added charm to its scenic splendour. Some of the tourist spots are Hulukanda hill, located at the heart of Goalpara town on the bank of the river Brahmaputra, Srisurya Pahar situated about 14 km east of Goalpara town. Sri Tukreswaree Pahar Hill situated 20 km away from Goalpara town. Paglartek Baba at Barbhita, Urpod Beel at Agia. Dhamar Risen Beel at Lakhipur. Different species of water birds. idigenous anf foreign, are found in thousands in the Urpod Beel and Dhamor Risen Beel. There are other water bodies such as Hashila Beel and Kumri Beel near Goalpara town. The district headquarter Goalpara town is also an important trading centre from where the British East India Company too carried on trade with the Ahom Kingdom. At Mornoi, nearby is situated a Sainik School which is the only institute of its kind in the State. The town is also the centre of education of the district with many such institutions. There are a number of temples and hill top shrines in Goalpara. Snsurya Pahar, 14 km away from Goalpara, is profusely filled up with Shivalingas, Surya Temples and hundreds of idols, some of which are believed to be those of Tirthankara Jaina. The popular belief is that 99.999 Shivalingas were engraved here by Vyas Deva in order to build up a second Kashi. Images of Buddha, Durga, Ganesh and Chandra are also found here. Krishnai, another important place. is situated at about 20 km south-east of Goalpara Tukreswaree hill is situated near Krishnai, atop which Tukreswaree Devalaya stands. People believe that while Mahadeva was wondering about the earth with Sati’s body. one of her limbs fell on the spot where the temple is situated. Pancharatna is about 10 km away from Goalpara where the third bridge over the river Brahmaputra. ‘Naranarayan Setu’ is constructed. The bridge has connected Pancharatna of Goalpara and Jogighopa of Bangaigaon district. There are also some religious spots like Shamrai Satra, Banabashi Than, Dadan Mandir, Narashimabari Than, Buraburi Than and shrines of Muslim saints which have great historical importance.