Area Total Population : Male Female Sex Ratio Density Literacy Rate Male Female District HQ Sub-Division Sub-Division : Golaghat Dhansiri Sarupathar Bokakhat Bokakhat Town Merapani Merapani Boundaries : Sonitpur and Lakhimpur district on the north; Nagaland and Jorhat on the east; Nagaland on the south; and Karbi Anglong on the west. Rivers & Tributaries : Brahmaputra, Dhansiri, Diphalu, Rengma, Daiyang. Beel : Gela Beel. Important Places : Baruabamungaon, Bokakhat, Numaligarh, Dergaon, Negheriting Siva Mandir, Chakala Satra etc. 3,502 sq km 10.66,888 5,43,161 5,23,727 964 female per 1000 male 305 persons per sq km 77.43% 83.56% 71.09% Golaghat Four. HQ Golaghat. Golaghat is a District of east Assam. Kaziranga National Park, hot water springs of Nambar forest reserve and the Numaligarh Refinery have enhanced the importance of this district.
The name Golaghat (‘cola’ which means shop and that’ meaning the landing point of river ferry) originated from the shops established by the IMarwarr businessmen during mid part of 20th century at the bank of river Dhansiri near present Golaghat town. Stone inscription of Nagajari Khanikargaon of Sarupathar, dating back to the 5th century, reveals that there was an independent kingdom in Doyang-Dhansiri valley and relics of ramparts, brick structures. temples, tanks, etc. discovered in these areas confirm the presence of a kingdom during 9th and 1011. century. . The Doyang-Dhansiri valley came under the rule of Ahom during 16’h century. Prior to that, this part was ruled by the Kacharis known as Herombial. During Ahom rule this area was under ‘Morongi Khowa Gohain’, an administrative officer. After British took possession of Assam, Doyang- Dhansiri valley was included under the newly formed Golaghat Sub-Division of Sivasagar district in 1846. Later, Golaghat was elevated to the position of a full-fledged district of Assam on 151h of August 1987. Golaghat district lies 100 m above sea level. Dhansiri is the main river which originates from ‘Laisang Peak’ of Nagaland. It flows through a distance of 352 km from south to north before joining the Brahma-putra. Its catchment area is 1,220 sq km. Doyang, Nambor. Doigrung and Kalioni are the four rivulets of Dhansiri. Doyang originates from ‘Maw’ of Nagaland and joins with Dhansiri at the south point of Golaghat town. The other rivulets originate from Karbi Anglong and flow in a west to east direction. The river Kakodonga marks the border of Golaghat and Jorhat districts. It originates in Nagaland and flows in a south-north direction. The climate is tropical with hot and humid weather prevailing in most of the summer and monsoon months. Total average annual rainfall is 1,300 mm. Maximum precipitation occurs in the month of June and July. Maximum temperature is 38 degree celcious in June and minimum temperature is 10 degree celcious in December. Wind direction is from northwest to southeast and north to south.
Tropical evergreen and semi evergreen forests, tropical grassland in Kaziranga National Park and hydrophytic or swampy vegetation abound in the district. The economy of Golaghat district is mainly agro-based. Tea, rice and sugarcane are the main agricultural crops grown in the district. Except Numaligarh Refinery there is no other heavy industries in the district as such. Tea is the largest agro-based industry of the district. There are 63 large tea gardens producing about 20,000 MT of tea per year. Moreover, emergence of small tea growers in the agrarian scene has heralded a new revolution in the district. Small scale tea cultivation has got considerable popularity here because of high profit in comparison with other high land crops . The district headquarter Golaghat is also the centre of education, culture, trade and commerce of the district Dergaon, situated at about 25 km distance from Golaghat. is an important place of the district The Shivadoul of Negheriting near by. is a famous temple of Lord Shiva of the State The State’s only police training college is in Dergaon. The chief attraction of the district, Kaziranga National Park is the home of the pre-historic unihorned rhino. There are three hot water springs named Garampani, Borpung and Gelipung at Nambar reserved forest which is 19 km off from Golaghat town near NH 39. For the presence of these hot water springs, this area is locally known as Garampani. According to local belief the hot water has curative effect. There is a little scientific basis for this faith as presence of sulpher is found in the hot water which has medicinal effect.