HAILAKANDI

Area : 1,327 sq km Total Population : 6,59,296 Male : 3,37,890 Female : 3,21,406 Sex Ratio : 951 female per 1000 male Density : 497 persons per sq km

Literacy Rate : 74.33% Male : 80.74% Female : 67.60% District HQ : Hailakandi Sub-Division : Two. Sub-Division : HQ Hailakandi Hailakandi Katlichera Katlichera Boundaries : Cachar on the north; Cachar and Mizoram on the east; Mizoram on the south; and Karimganj on the west. Rivers & Tributaries : Dhaleshwari (tributary of Barak) Important Places : Hailakandi, Panchgram. Badarpur, Katlichera, Sidheshwar, Laighat. Hailakand district is situated at the southernmost corner of Assam. The inter-state border stretches over 75 km in the south-east. According to the history the Kuki’s were the first inhabitant of this place. Later, the Bodo-Kachari (Dimasa) people came here and started living on different parts of northern side of this district. The historian Rajmohan Nath affirms that the name Hailakandi was derived from the Kuki word Halem (a small state) and a Bodo-Kachari word Kundia (a plot of land for temporary ploughing). Another group of historians also stated that the name Hailakandi came from the Kuki word Holla Kundi. Holla means God and Kundi means state or country, i.e. god’s country. There are other opinions regarding the nomenclature of Hailakandi. One version says that the area was abundant in paddy cultivation, particularly shah paddy. For that reason it was called Shailkundi. Kundi, a Kuki word meaning ‘a bunch’, i.e., a land of the Kukis. During the time of British the name Hollakundi was transformed into Hailkandi. After long period of ruling by the Tripuri, Dimasa and Konch kingdoms, Hailakandi came under the rule of British in 1830. Hailakandi is one of the profound ancient sub-divisions of Assam. This sub-division was formed in 1m June. 1869. After the nation’s independence. Hailakandi was recognised as a district of Assam.

Dholeshwari and Katakhal are the main rivers of this district. The two rivers are flowing in through the mid range of the district from southern to northern direction. There are heavy rainfall with high humidity in summer season. The average annual rainfall of the district is 2.873 mm and humidity 85%.The winter is basically dry. The cold is intense in December. January and February. In summer the temperature rises up to 30-40 degree celsius. The temperature of the winter is 6-12 degree celsius. The district headquarter Hailakandi is also one of the main centres of education, culture and commerce of the district Hailakandi is 336 km away from Guwahati and 54 km south-west of Silchar. The town is surrounded by beautiful natural sights and hillocks Hailakandi is well known for its supply of agricultural products and live-stock to other parts of the undivided Cachar district.

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