Important Academic and Social Organisations

Important Academic and Social Organisations Asom Sahitya Sabha : The most important literary and cultural body devoted to uplift the Assamese language, literature and culture. Its first meeting and convention was held on 26th December, 1917, under the presidentship of Padmanath Gohain Baruah. At that time it was held under the banner of Sodou Asom Sahitya Sanmilani. On 5th May of 1924, it was registered as ‘Asom Sahitya Sabha’ and the earlier name was formally changed in 1944. The head office of Sabha is in Jorhat and branch offices are located in 41 Diphu and Chuburi. I lie main aim and objectives of the Asom Sahitya Sabha 1, help and develop Assamese language-literature, culture and Assamese local language-culture. The present emblem of Asom Sahitya Sabha was accepted on 28th October 1960. The emblem was drawn by Jugal Das. The emblem is like this : an earthen lamp over a book written on the bark of sanchi tree is placed on a wooden stand Thoga, and encircled by these words Chiro Senehi Mor Bhasha Janani, and a star in the beneath. In The base of the wooden stand its written ‘Assam Sahitya Sabha’. The first stanza of Asom Sangeet composed by Lakhsminath Bezbaroa is used as the flag hosting song of Asom Sahitya Sabha. The song Chiro Senehi Mor Bhasha Janani composed by Mitradeb Mahanta, is used as the beginning of the ceremony and 0 Mor Aponar Desh composed by Lakhsminath Bezbaroa used as the wrapping up song. In 1933, Asom Sahitya Sabha published an Assamese dictionary Chandrakanta Abhidhan. Asom Sahitya Sabha already published more than 250 valuable books related to Assamese language-literature and culture alongwith first Assamese children encyclopedia (Sishu Gyankosh). Moreover Asom Sahitya Sabha publishes a magazine Asom Sahitya Sabha Patrika from 1926. From 2001, Asom Sahitya Sabha undertook a project to publish a series of Assamese subject-encyclopedia. Accordingly till date eleven volumes including Science, Literature, History, Sociology, Culture etc. has been published.The project of publishing encyclopedias on all subjects will be completed on the ceremony of Asom Sahitya Sabha’s centennial celebration or before that. With its own constitution, emblem and song, Asom Sahitya Sabha is a full-fledged organisation, with yearly conventions in various parts of Assam (now the convention is held in a gap of two years). Till now there have been 83 conventions, and one president is elected for each of the convention. The presidents are of high rank who have contributed tremendously in the field of literature in Assam.

The Presidents of Asom Sahitya Sabha (1917-2017)

The following eminent persons Assam were elected/nominated of of the Asom Sahitya Sabha held at years of its existence :

1 Padmanath Gohain Baruah Sivasagar, 1917,

2. JajneswarSharma Tihu, 1976,

 3. Chandradhar Baruah Goalpara, 1918,

 4. Sayed Abdul Malik Abhayapuri, 1977,

5 Kaliram Medhi Barpeta 1919,

6. Prasannalal Choudhuri Golaghat, 1978,

7 Hemchandra Goswami   Tezpur,    1920

8.Amritbhusan Deva Adhikari,           1923

9. Atut Chandra Barua Sualkuchi,   1979

10. Jatindranath Goswami Raha,      1980

11. Situanath Brahmachaudhuri, Tinsukia 1981

12.Kanaklal Baruah    Dibrugarh,    1924

13. akshminath Bezbarua Guwahati, 1924

14.Rajanikanta Bardoloi Nagaon, 1925

15. Sitanath Brahmachaudhuri, Diphu 1982

16. Benudhar Rajkhowa Dhubri, 1926

17. Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya, Bongaigaon, 1983

18.Tarunram Phukan Goalpara, 1927

 19 Kamalakanta Bhattacharya Jorhat, 1929  

20. Jogesh Das Bihpuria, 1985

 21. Biren Barkataki Kampur, 1986

22 Mofijuddin Ahmed Hazarika Golaghat, 1930

23. Mahendra Bora Pathsala, 1987

24. Kirtinath Hazarika Hailakandi, 1988

25. Nagendra Narayan Chaudhury Sivasagar 1931

 26. Mohim Bora Doomdooma, 1989

27. Navakanta Baruah Biswanath Chariali 1990

 28 Jnyanadabhiram Barua North Lakhimpur, 1933

 29. Nirmalprabha Bardoloi Dudhnoi, 1991

30. Ananda Chandra Agarwala Mangaldoi, 1934

 31. Lakshyadhar Choudhury Goreswar, 1992

32. Raghunath Chaudhari Tezpur 1936

33. Bhupen Hazarika Sivasagar, 1993

34.Krishna kanta Handique Guwahati, 1937

 35. Lila Gogoi Morigaon, 1994

 36.Maldul Islam Bora Jorhat, 1940

 37.. Hitesh Deka Sarthebari, 1995

 38.Nilamani Phukan Sivasagar, 1944

 39. Lakshminandan Bora, Bokakhat, 1996

40. Nilatnani Phukan Dibrugarh, 1947

 41. Nagen Saikia Bilasipara 1997

42. Ambikagiri Iondhury Mergherita, 1950

 43. Nagen Saikia Bilashipara, 1997

44.Nagen Saikia Hawraghat 1998

45. Chandraprasad Saikia* Hajo 1999

46.Chandraprasad Saikia** Jorhat 2000

47.Surya Kumar Bhuyan Shillong, 1953

 48. Nallnibala Devi Jorhat 1955

49. Homen Borgohain Dibrugarh 2001

 50 Jatinndranath Duarah Guwahati 1955

51. Homen Borgohain** Kalgachia 2002

 52.Benudhar Sharma Dhubri 1956

 53. Birendranath Dutta, North  Lakshimpur 2004

54.PadmadharChaliha Tinsukia, 1958

55.Atul Chandra Hazarika Nagaon 1959

56. Birendranath Dutta** Hojai, 2004

57 Trailokya Nath Goswami Mirza, Palashbari, 1960

58. Kanaksen Deka Sipajhar, 2005

59. Kanaksen Deka** Belsor, 2006

60. Kanaksen Deka Chapar, 2007

61.Kanaksen Deka** Dakhinpat, 2008

 62 Ratnakanta Barkakoti Nazira, 1963

63. Rangbong Terang Dhemaji, 2009

64.Rangbong Terang** Baithalangsa, 2010  

65. Mitradev Mahanta Digboi, 1964

66.Dimbeswar Neog  Nalbari, 1965

67. Binanda Chandra Baruah North Lakshimpur 1966

68. Rangbong Terang Dergaon 2011

69. Rangbong Terang** Ledo 2012

70. Nakul Chandra Bhuyan Dibrugarh, 1967

71. Jnyananath Bora Tezpur, 1968

72. Imran Shah Barpeta Road, 2013

 73. Imran Shah** Guwahati, 2014

74. Dhrubajyoti Bora Kaliabar, 2015

75. Dhrubajyoti Bora Halflong, 2016

76. Ananda Chandra Barua Barpeta, 1969

77.Upendranath Lekharu Dhing, 1970

78.Tirthanath Sharma Makum, 1971

79. Bordumsa, 2018

80.Hem BaruaDhubri Rangia, 1972

81.Satyendranath Sarma Titabar, 1975. 

82. Maheswar Neog Mangaldoi, 1974.

 1973 * from 1999 the convention is held in a gap of two years. The tenure of the President is also for two years.

Conventions is becoming popular and accepted as an important event of Assam. Besides publishing books, encyclopaedias etc. of immense importance, the ‘Sabha’ also conducts the teaching of the Assamese language for the non-Assamese people. The number of branch of Asom Sahitya Sabha is about 1000.

• Asom Natya Sanmilan : Asom Natya Sanmilan was formed to help and develop of drama and acting of Assam. It was previously named as `Asom Ekanka Nat Sanmilan’. The first conference of this organisation was held in 1959 at Dibrugarh. At the beginning  Asom Natya Sanmilan gave importance to creation and competition of one act plays. In 1967, at its annual conference held under the presidentship of Maheshwar Neog, the previous name was changed to Asom Natya Sanmilan and the focus was shifted from one act plays to creation and competition of 90 minutes long plays. The Asom Natya Sanmilan’s annual journal Rangamancha is published every year. The first president of this organisation was Kalaguru Bishnuprasad Rabha. In the yearly conference of the Asom Natya Sanmilan, drama workshops, drama competition, seminars etc. held regularly.

 • Asom Nepali Sahitya Sabha : To restore and develop the Nepali language-literature, Asom Nepali Sahitya Sabha was formed on 19th August 1993 in Hawaipur of Karbi-Anglong district by the Nepali residents of Assam. The first president of the Asom Nepali Sahitya Sabha was Lakshmiprasad Parjuli and general secretary was Harshabahadur Chetri.

• Asom Lekhika Sangstha : To develop Assamese language-literature and to support the women writers and litterateur enthusiast Asom Lekhika Sangstha was established on 16 May 1976. Suchibrata Rai Chaudhury and Preeti Baruah were successively founder chairperson and general secretary. Asom Lekhika Sangstha has many branches entire the State. Suchetana, the bi-annual journal of Assam Lekhika Sangstha, was first published in 1998. To inspire upcoming women writers, Sangstha provides award in various categories. Asom Lekhika Sangstha has already published many books. Some of them ire : Mahila Kabir Kabya Grantha (1979), Lekhikar Golpo (1989), Asomiya Sahitya Aru Lekhika (two volumes : 1994, 1998), L3yathar Alakananda Nalinibala (1998), Sotikar Mahila Kobi (1998), Subashito Hemantar Preetire (1998), Ura Mari Akasoloi, Pragyawati Prabina (1999), Sampratik Lekhikar Golpo (1998), Timpitora (2000), Asomiya Lekhikar Grantha Sambhar (2002) etc. As a result of the effort of this association, Assam Government, onetime financial help was used to publish a children and youth magazine named Aakash on 14th November, 1979, under the editorship of Preeti Baruah. After being published or consequently four years, Aakash was closed down due to financial reasons.

• BodoSahityaSabha: The second largest literary and cultural mrqarlisation of Assam is the Bodo Sahitya Sabha. It was es-tablished on 16th November, 1952, with a view to work for the de-velopment of the Bodo literature and culture. It has a publishing unit which has published more than 80 Bodo text books, poetry books, short story books, novels etc. It gives a literary award to the best writer of Bodo Sahitya Sabha  in Bodo language every year, and also an award of Rs. 1000 to the student who secures the highest marks in Bodo language in the HSLC examination. It’s head office at Kokrajhar.

• Publication Board, Assam (Asom Prakashan Parishad) : w Publication Board, Assam was set up as an autonomous organisation in 1958 at Shillong and is functioning since 1959 with its headquarters at Guwahati. Its jurisdiction extends all.

Presidents & Secretaries of Bodo Sahitya Sabha- (1952-2017)

President                                                            Tenure                                          Secretary                                        Tenure                                            

Joybhadra Hagjer                                             1952-66                       Sonaram Thausen                       1952-55

Satish Chandra Basumatary                         1966-68                      Gaurikanta Brahma                     1955-68

Gaurikanta Brahma                                         1968-74                      Tarun Phukan Basumatary       1968-71

Ramdas Basumatary                                       1974-77                      Bihuram Boro                                1971-74

 Lakheswar Brahma                                         1977-80                      Baneswar Basumatary               1974-77

Ramdas Basumatary                                       1980-83                      Bihuram Boro                                1977-90

Jagendra Kumar Basumatary                      1983-90                      Blneswar Brahma                         1990-93

Kamal Kumar Brahma                                     1990-93                      Gopinath Borgoyari                     1993-2002

Maniram Masari                                               1993-96                      Rajen Khakhlari                             2002-2004

Bineswar Brahma                                             1996-2000                  Gobinda Basumatary                  2005-2008

Daleswar Boro                                                   2000-2002                     Kamalakanta Musahari           2008-2017

Brajedra Kumar Brahma                                                2002-2008                     Prasanta Boro                             2017- 

Dr Kameswar Brahma                                    2008-2017

Taren Boro                                                          2017-

over the State. The aim of the Board is to sponsor, encourage and assist in writing, editing, compiling, translating and publishing important books in the languages of Assam and English and do such other works as may be found necessary from time to time. In pursuance of there aims and object the Board has, since its inception, undertaken various schemes. The Board has till now published more than seven hundred valuable books. The Publication Board, Assam, celebrated its Silver Jubliee in 1984, and a national level Book Fair was organised at Guwahati to mark the occasion. Now this Book Fair has turned to be an annual event at Guwahati. Besides publishing books, the Board has also instituted a scheme of conferring an annual literary award to an author ev-ery year for the best Assamese book. The award was instituted in 1973. See also Awards & Honours • Assam ScienceSociety (Asom Bigyan Samiti) : It was established on 13 February, 1953 at the Cotton College, Guwahati, as a voluntary organisation. At that time it was known as Guwahati Bigyan Samiti, which was changed to Asom Bigyan Samiti in 1956. It main aims are to popularize science and science Education the common people, by way of seminars, work-pillow; and exhibitions, the publicity and development of science in practical level, etc. It has published a few books on science and scientific language, magazines like Bigyan Jeuti, encyclopaedias etc. The ‘Journal of Assam Science Society’ Ills got recognition in the international level.

 • Anundoram Barooah Institute of Language, Art & Culture, Assam (ABILAC, Anundoram Barooah Bhasha, Kola, Sanskriti itigstha) : This important institution for the development of kwal, indigenous language-culture-art-literature and also for the (Invelopment, expansion and research of the Sanskrit I.inguage was established in 1990 at the instigation of the Assam government. There are five division of this pioneer institution to realise its various objectives. They are : a) I vjuage and linguistics, b) Literature and translation, c) Folk-ulture and folk traditions, d) Art-culture and music division e) Sanskrit studies. At the beginning it was named as Local I iinquage and Research & Development Center. Later it was after the scolar Anundoram Barooah. 1 he aims and objectives of this organisation are: (1) Awlopment of Assamese local language, Art and Culture, (2) considering Anundoram Barooah’s contribution to linguistic study, specially, Sanskrit, to provide encouragement and Inspiration in every phase of Sanskrit learning, (3) to identify the inquired human resources, material and the techniques to dnvolop Assamese local language-art-culture, (4) to collect, -,tore and promote language-literature, art, folk-literature, 11.1ditional customs and collection of other material from the wicjhborhood states of Assam, (5) to accumulate and publish ilitterent language-art-culture related books by adhering to the )wanisations aims and objectives, (6) to maintain educational mmmunication and relation with different sate, national and ilit(qmitional research organisation, association or universities, (7) to provide advice for the government in the fields of local language, art and culture related research, plans and projects.

ABILAC has already published many valuable books, among them many are translations and reprints. Some other important books are Goethe’s Faust (translated), Bandhon Suloki Pore (translated), Darsonor Kahini (translated), Anundoram Dhekial Phukan’s Asomiya Lorar Mitra (reprinted), A Handbook of Folklore Material of North-East India, Festivals of Assam, Asomiya Sahityar Buranji (2nd and 6th volumes), Jajneswar Sarmar Prabandha Choyon’, Bodo Chuti Golpo etc. Moreover the organisation is working on a dictionary Samogrik Asomiya Sabdakosh with many volumes. This organisation provides an yearly award called (Anundoram Barooah Award’. It’s yearly magazine Anundam is a publication of high Standard. It’s head office at Rajaduar in North Guwahati. • Kamrup Anusandhan Samiti : For research, especially, on ancient Kamrup and North-East India, Kamrup Anusandhan Samiti was established on 7th April, 1912. The society received the government’s grant in 1915. This way, the first executive committee was formed on 10th November, 1916. Maha-mahupadhyay Dhireshwaracharya is known as its founder president. Chandranath Sarma was its first secretary. The Journal of the Assam Research Society, a house-journal of Kamrup Anusandhan Samiti, is being published from 1933. Archaeological and many research books of Kamrup have been published by the organisation. The Assam State Museum at Guwahati was mainly established with the archaeological collection of Kamrup Anusandhan Samiti. • Mising Sahitya Sabha : Mising Sahitya Sabha was formed at Disangmukh on 18th April, 1972. The aim and objective of this organisation is to give Mising language a written form. Tabu Taid was the first president of Mising Sahitya Sabha. In 1978, at Dhemaji conventions, the sabha was decided to practice Mishing language in Roman writing. Mising Sahitya Sabha has already published many valuable books. • Karbi Sahitya Sabha : To preserve and develop the Karbi language and literature Karbi Sahitya Sabha was formed on 27th March, 1966. The original Karbi name of this organisation is Karbi LammetAmei. The first full fledged conventions of Karbi Sahitya Sabha was held in Diphu on 18th March, 1973 under the presidentship of Dhaniram Rongpi. Besides published a Karbi grammar entiled Karbi Lamkuru, Karbi Sahity Sabha has already published many books. Some of them are : Lammet Esang, Samfri Apunsir, Khei Aharsi, Dampijuk Chingdi, Longri Amelur etc. • Deori Sahitya Sabha: For the development of Deori language and culture, Deori chu-chebachongca (Deori Sahitya Sabha) was formed on 20th January, 1965. Deori Sahitya Sabha has accepted Assamese script as the Deori script and has been demanding to get recognition from the government for the development of Deori language. • Nepali Sahitya Parishad, Assam : Nepali Sahitya Parishad, Assam was formed in the interest of building an environment for studying and promoting of Nepali language-culture-literature, publishing of magazines and books, constructing libraries, developing a relation of understanding and exchange with the language-culture-literature of north-east of India and establishing a communal relationship with.the neighboring people of different I. language and tribes. This organisation was formed in 1974, was 1( ciistered in 1982 and was recognised by Sahitya Akademi in I!)84. The name of the house journal of Nepali Sahitya Parishad, Assam is Parishad-Patra. The organisation is already engaged in translating Assamese poems to Nepali language. Nepali ! hihitya Parishad, Assam provides various awards to encourage Nepali writers.

• Department of Historical and Antiquarian Studies : I wpartment of Historical and Antiquarian Studies was established by Assam government in 1928.During the late 19th century  the Department of Ethnography, established under the supervision of Sir Edward Gait and the Kamrup Anusandhan established in 1912 are the prior organisation of this department. In 1936, with the aid of Rs 10,000 from Radhakanta permanent house for the department was built in panbazar, Guwahati and the department was named `Narayani Handique Historical Institute’. In 1953, an `Ahom Branch’ was opened in the department. In 1957, for the purpose of personal data collection and preservation another branch was added on as ‘Regional Record Survey’. The number of collected and preserved documents in the department is 2783. The subtotal books in the library is 18,271, copper plates 16 and ancient coins 376. The number of own publication of the department is about 50.

• Rabha Bhasa Parishad : To develop and restore Rabha language & literature the Rabha Bhasa Parishad was established at Dudhnoi in 1982. In accordance to the national language promotion method this organisation has launched five layered Rabha language education/examination system. The organisation is also focused in developing standards of the Rabha literature written in Assamese script. Narendra Chandra Rabha was the first president of Rabha Bhasa Parishad.  • Rabha Sahitya Sabha : To develop Rabha Language and Culture Rabha Sahitya Sabha was formed at Ghaksha of undi-vided Goalpara district on 8th April, 1973. This organisation is playing an important role in giving recognition to the various dia-lects of Rabha language as standard language. • Sadau Asom Lekhika Somaroh Samiti : Sadau Asom Lekhika Somaroh Samiti, an organisation of the Assamese writers riters and litterateur, was formed at Tezpur in 1974. The first chairperson of this samiti was Shila Borthakur, first general secretaries were Purabi Barmudoi and Swadhinata Mahanta.Besides publishing the house-journal Lekhika, Sadau Asom Lekhika Somaroh Samiti has already published a few books of women writer of Assam. Sadau Asom Lekhika Somaroh Samiti has its branches in many places of Assam. To inspire women writers, Samiti provides about twenty award in various categories.

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