KAMRUP (Metropolitan)

 Area : 627.18 sq km Total Population : 12,53,938 Male : 6,47,585 Female : 6,06,353

Sex Ratio : 936 female per 1000 male Density : 1.313 persons per sq km.

Literacy Rate : 88.71% Male : 92.13% Female : 85.07% District HQ : Guwahati Sub-Division : Four. Sub-Division : HQ Guwahati –Guwahati, Dispur- Dispur, Azara- Azara, Chandrapur- Chandrapur.

Boundaries : Brahmaputra river and Darrang district on the north.Meghalaya and Morigaon on the east,Meghalaya on the south and Kamrup District on the west.

Rivers & Tributaries : Brahmaputra. Kolong. Bashishtha, Digaru. Bharalu etc Important Places : Guwahati, Sonapur etc. Air-port : Lokapriya Gopinath Bardoloi International Air-port. Guwahati. Beel/Lake : Deepar is an important Lake in this District. Initially. Kamrup was the most densely populated district in entire Assam. But on 3 February. 2003. the state government divided this district to form the Kamrup District and the Kamrup Metropolitan District. It is the smallest district of Assam. Situated on the southern bank of the mighty river brahmaputra is the Kamrup (Metro) district. There are many historical monuments, temples, sacred places in the district. A famous few are : Kamakhya temple, Bashishtha temple, Umananda, Nilachal Hills, Momaikota Garb, Doul Govind temple etc There are many other important institutions and tourist places such as State Zoo, Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport (Borjhar),Regional Science Centre, Srimanta Sankardev Kalakshetra, Guwahati Planetarium, State Museum, Medical Colleges. Gauhati University, IIT etc. A few important places are Pandu, Sonapur, Kshetri etc. Kamrup (Metro) is the most populated (1.313 persons per sq km) district of Assam. It has also the highest rate of literacy (88.71%) of the State as per 2011 census data. • Guwahati, the district headquarter. The modern city of Guwahati houses the present capital of the State Dispur. Most of the important offices. educational institutes, and the high court are situated in this city. According to the census of 2001, the total number of population of Guwahati was 8.18.809 (the areas covered by the Municipal Corporation and nearby areas). The population count was 1.23,783 in 1971. In 2015, this number is estimated to be more than 15,00,000.

                The ancient name of Guwahati was Pragjyotishpur and it had been the kingdom to many ancient rulers and kings. The term Pragjyotishpur means the ‘City of Eastern Astrology’. However a few disagree to this and are of the notion that this term meant ‘Light of the East’. During the Ahom rules, Guwahati became the centre of administration for the Lower Assam since 1681 The ruler of this city was bestowed with the title ‘Barphukan’ The Ahom rulers had constructed check posts at all the entrances to this city During their rule, the Ahom kings had constructed many temples in and around Guwahati. A few of them are North Guwahati’s Ashwaklanta, Monikarneswar and on the south bank : Umananda. Ugratara. Shukreswar and the Baneswar Temple. The Navagrah temple was rebuilt later by king Rajeswar Singha. The Bashishtha temple was also built during the reign of this king. After the British captured Assam in 1826 and shifted the capital to Shillong in 1874, – Guwahati was the capital of the Assam. The first high school of the State Cotton Collegiate School was established in the year 1835. The first college of the State, the Cotton College was established in 1901 in Guwahati itself. Since then Guwahati has taken active participation in promoting better education to the people of Assam The Gauhati University was established in the year 1948. The capital was shifted again from Shillong to Guwahati (Dispur) in the year 1973. After India became independent. Guwahati has developed in all sectors such as education, business, industry, art-culture and has become a noteworthy city in the country. The city of Guwahati. which had been the capital of many past kings, is still hallowed by antiquity and it abounds in countless monuments of different by gone ages. Kamakhya Temple. Vasisthashram, Umananda, Navagraha, Ugratara, Ashwaklanta, Nilachal Hills, Momai Kate Garh etc. bear the witness of the fact. Besides being the religious and political nerve centre of ancient Assam. Guwahati had also been and still is the major centre of art. culture and learning for the entire region. It is also the gate way to the country’s land locked north-eastern region.

The city has several colleges and other institutions for different streams of learning. The State’s first University, the first college, an IIT, the first law college of the State are situated .here. There are a Medical College, an Ayurvedic College, a Homoeopathic College, an Engineering College, a Veterinary College. an Administrtive Staff College, a Forest Training College, a Music College. an Art College, many TV channels, a Nursing College and three Engineering Institutes in Guwahati. There are also an All India Radio Station. Doordarshan Kendra, the State Central Library, the State’s only Zoo and the State’s only Museum in Guwahati Guwahati Tea Auction Centre, located near Janata Bhawan at Dispur is the world’s largest CTC tea auction centre and the world’s second largest in terms of total tea The Nehru Stadium Complex is also in Guwahati. The country’s first state-owned film studio Jyoti Chitraban is located in Guwahati. The region’s common High Court is located in the heart of the city. A large number of daily and weekly newspapers are published from Guwahati in Assamese, English, Bangla, and Hindi. The headquarters of North-East Frontier Railway are also in Guwahati. There are also several Ayurvedic and Chemical industries in the city The city of Guwahati also has several other modern institutions of interest which include a Planetarium, a Regional Science Centre and the Srimanta Sankardeva Kalakshetra. Guwahati is linked with the north bank by the magnificent Saraighat bridge connecting Pandu, a busy river port of south bank with Amingaon, an industrially developing township of north Guwahati. The Saraighat bridge serves as the vital road and rail link of the region with the rest of the country Currently Srimanta Sankardev Kalakshetra has been established to promote, develop and preserve the Art and cultural heritage of Assam. Special facilities are available here to study and preserve the Art, culture and heritage of Assam.

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