Kaziranga National Park & Tiger Reserve Assam, India (Nagaon District):
Kaziranga National Park is the home of the rare one-horned Indian rhinoceros (Unicorn). Situated at a distance of 217 km from Guwahati and 97 kilometres from Jorhat, this famous National Park has an area of 858 sq kms. Kaziranga lies partly in Golaghat and partly in Nagaon District.The Kaziranga’s landscape is of sheer forest, long elephant grass, bumpy reeds, sweet marsh and shallow pools. So far, the history of Kaziranga is worried before Lady Curzon that she heard about the Rhino of Kaziranga from her British tea planter friends and came to Assam in 1904-05. Though he could not see the animal, but the scraper print was seen with three toes. Which worried Lady Curzon was such a beast. On her return, he persuaded Lord Curzon to do something to save this animal from total destruction. Lord Curzon revived the wheels of British bureaucracy and announced the government’s intention on June 1, 1905 to declare 57,273 60 acres of Kaziranga as a reserve forest.
After all Kaziranga was declared as reserve forest on January 3, 1908 and was officially closed for shooting on January 28th. In 1913, the area of reserved forest was expanded with an incorporation of 13,506 acres. Kaziranga was declared a ‘Game Sanctuary’ on November 10, 1916. In 1938, AJW Milroy, the then guardian of the forest, stopped all the victims and opened the Kaziranga to the visitors. Because the word ‘game’ tells the animals for hunting. In 1950, senior guardian of One PD Straccy changed the word to ‘Wildlife Sanctuary’. Gradually the Sanctuary began as a small nucleus covering a small area, which expanded to the present size.
Finally, 111 “in February, 1974, the designation was changed to ‘Kaziranga National Park’ Wildlife: One Horned Unicorn, Elephant, Indian Bison, Swamp Deer Sambar, Hog Deer, Sloth Bear, Tiger, Leopard, Leopard Cat, Jungle cat, bog badger, Capped Langur, Hoolock Gibbon, Jackal, goose, Hornbill, Ibis Cormorants, Egret, Heron Fishing Eagle etc. Many migratory birds go to Kaziranga in the winter season.
Kaziranga project came under Tiger on 3 August 2007 because it is the last living population of the tiger. It was also placed in the 1985 World Heritage Site for the unique combination of beautiful beauty and rare property of wildlife. According to the 2010 tiger census. Kaziranga has 32 tigers per 100 sq km, which is the world’s tallest tiger density.
Best Time to Visit Kaziranga National Park & Tiger Reserve Assam, India (Nagaon District):
Kaziranga Park is closed for visitors from 01 May to 31 October every year. Therefore, it is the best time to visit Kaziranga National Park from November to April.
Summer (April to May): During this time of year, the climate remains dry and airy; Anyone can find animals around the body of water.
Monsoon (June to September): From June to September, this region has heavy rains, about 2,220 millimeters (87 in); Thus the climate remains hot and humid. The park is closed from May to October due to the warnings of the Brahmaputra river flood.
Winter (November to February): Perhaps the best time to visit Kaziranga National Park as a season is light and dry. The possibility of burning grass is more in winter because the grass gets burnt and the background becomes clear.
Kaziranga Park Authority organizes a Jeep and elephant safari tour to promote wildlife tourism in Assam.
Morning Jeep Safari: 8:00 am to 10:00 pm
Afternoon Jeep Safari: 02:00 pm to 4:00 pm
Elephant safari time
Morning – 05:30 / 06:30
Morning – 06:30 / 07:30
Safari Gate / Jones
Spread over an area of 430 square kilometers, the park alka variety hotspot is divided into four areas; Each has its own distinctive characteristic about grasslands, mammals and density of birds, land topography, terrain.
Below are some points of pre-defined tourism circuits where jeep safaris are:
Mihimukh in the central range in Kohora
Bagori in the western range in Bagori
Agaratoli in Eastern Range in Agaratoli
Ghorakhati in Burapahar Range in Gorakhati