MORIGAON

Area : 1,551 sq km

 Total Population : 9,57,423

Male : 4,86,651

Female : 4,70,772

Sex Ratio : 967 female per 1000 male

 Density : 617 persons per sq km

 Literacy Rate : 68.03%

Male : 71.90%

Female : 64.04%

District HQ : Morigaon

 Sub-Division : One. Morigaon

Boundaries : Brahmaputra river on the north; Nagaon on the east; Karbi Anglong and Meghalaya on the south; and Kamrup on the west.

Rivers & Tributaries : Brahrnaputra, Kalong, Sonai. Important Places : Jagiroad, Laharighat. Dharamtul, Barapujia. Morigaon is a district of the middle part of Assam The history of Morigaon is obscure. One famous traditional ruler of the region was Anmatta whose history is shrouded in mystery. After Arimatta’s death, Jongalbalahu, his son ruled over the region. Jongalbalahu was ultimately killed by the Kacharis. .The legend further goes on to say that Jongalbalahu to escape his pursuers, submerged himself in Klong river and emerge at Raha to quench his thirst and again dived here to emerge at Jagi. From this incident were derived the names of present day Raha and Jagi. The writing of Bhimsingh throws some light on the history of present Morigaon town and its adjoining areas. This region was ruled independently by six rulers During this time two princes from Darrang, Supradhvaj and Makardhvaj, fled from their homeland due to internal clash, by crossing the mighty Brahmaputra and they settled at Bahakajari. Later on, Supradhvaj married the daughter of Mangalsingh. the King of Baghara Supradhvaj was then made the seventh king of the region, having an independent kingdom of his own. During the days of Lachit Borphukan, two other princes from Darrang, Ramsingh and Bhimsingh crossed the Brahmaputra in search of plain lands. While Bhimsingh settled down, Ramsingh left for his home Bhimsingh was not liked by the local people. Hence, he left Brahmaputra and settled down near Mori Beel. This place came to be known as Morigaon. The greater part of the district is alluvial plain, criss-crossed with numerous rivers and waterways and dotted with many beels and marshes. The mighty Brahmaputra flows along the northern boundary of the district. Killing, Kolong and Kopili rivers flow through the southern part of the district. The Killing meets the Kopili at the Matiparbat where from Kopili moves westward. The Kolong joins Kopili at the Jagi Dui Khuti Mukh and from here they flow into the Brahmaputra. The general appearance of the district is extremely picturesque. On a clear day in the winter the view to the north is bounded by the blue ranges of the outer Himalayas. behind which snowy peaks glisten brightly in the sun, while to the west and the south of the district lie range upon range of lower hills, whose sides are covered with luxuriant vegetation of the tropical forest. There are three reserve forests constituted underAssam Forest Regulation Act, 1891. These are Sunakuchi. Khulahat and Bura Mayong. There is also one Wildlife Sanctuary, named Pobitara. which is famous for the Indian one horned Rhinoceros. The district headquarter, Morigaon is mainly an agricultural area. The place is gradually developing into a full-fledged town with a number of educational instituions, government offices, commercial institutions and. modern amenities. Jagiroad is a fast growing commercial town of the district. The Assam Spun Silk Mill and a paper mill are located at Jagiroad. Barapujia, near Mangaon is a centre of Muga and Eri cultivation and noted for its mat-making. Mayong is famous for its mantras, charms and incarnations. The historic fort of Jungalbalahu is located near Mahadeosal, a village about 20 km south-east of Marigaon. Moirabari is famed for its jute and vegetables. A significant fair called Jonbil Mela is held every year customarily in a place called Jonbil in Morigaon district This fair is actually a market for enchanging products. The fair is named after the lake Jon by the side of which it is held annually. Many people from plains and hills alike take part in this fair and exchange their commodities with each other. This fair, based on barter system, carries the message of integrity and harmony among the people of hills and plains and it bears the essence of folk life and cultural tradition of the people of this region.

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