SOUTH SALMARA-MANKACHAR

Area 568 sq km

Total Population 5,55,114

Sex Ratio:- NA

Density 980 persons per sq km

Literacy Rate: NA

 District HQ Hatsingimari

Sub-Division : One.

South Salmara-Mankachar, Hatsingimari (HO).

Boundaries : Goalpara and Dhubri district on north, Bangladesh and Meghalaya on the south, Meghalaya on the east and Bangladesh on the west.

Rivers & Tributaries : Brahmaputra, Jinjiram, Kalonadi, etc.

Important Places : Hatsingimari, Mankachar, Sukchar, South Salmara, Kukurmara Hazirhat, Gotabari; Kanaimara, etc. South Salmara-Mankachar District was created by bifur-cating Old Dhubri district in 2016. On 15 August 2015 Assam’s Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi announced 5 new administrative district in Assam; South Salmara Mankachar was one among those. On 9 February 2016 Commissioner M I Ahmed inau-gurated South Salmara-Mankachar as an administrative dis-trict at a function in Hatsingimari. The name South Salmara-Mankachar comes from the Legislative constituency South Salmara and Mankadhar. Earlier it was a sub-division of Dhubri District. South Salmara-Mankachar District is primarily dependent on agricultural and forest products. The main source of income is paddy (both winter and autumn) with surplus production. Jute and mustard seed occupy the major share of cash crops. Wheat, maize, pulses and sugar cane are also grown moderately. From forest, mainly timber and bamboo add to the income, though boulders and sand are also available. Fish, milk, meat, and eggs have small contribution to the economy Currently three tea gardens, whose contribution to the district economy is almost negligible, cover an area of 1362.33 hectares. Land revenue collection is minimal, whereas tax from check gates and excise duty occupy much of the government exchequer. Devoid of major industrial production, the district uses more funds for administration, development, and welfare works than it provides. Its rich natural wealth is yet to be explored and some be-lieve that proper utilisation of natural resources could pro-vide a boost for the struggling economy. There are two Assam Legislative Assembly constituen-cies in this district : 21 Mankachar, 22 South Salmara. All two are in the Dhubri Lok Sabha constituency. General topography of South Salmara-Mankachar district is plain with patches of small hillocks like Bansali, Rangatari etc. All these are situated in the south western part of the district. Mighty river Brahmaputra is flowing through this dis: trict from east to west with its tributaries. Other rivers are Jinjiram, Kalonadi, etc. The average annual rainfall of the dis-trict is 2,916 mm. There are few historical sites in the district. However, the famous ones are the tomb of Mir Jumla II and Kamakhya Temple at Mankachar. Al present the district has three colleges for higher edu-cation : Hatsingimari College, at Hatsingimari, Mankachar Col-lege situated in Mankachar and South Salmara College, at South Salrnara Apart from these, The J M Higher Second-ary School, Mankachar and S Ali Higher Secondary School, Sukchar are the two important and oldest schools of South Salmara-Mankachar district. Moreover, there are four private colleges in South Salmara-Mankachar district.These are Apollo Academy at Hatsingimari,Elite Academy at Hatsingimari. Vision National Academy at Kharuabandha, Ajmal College at Kharuabandha.

The culture of the people in this district is a fusion of Assamese and Bengali cultures About 85 per cent popula-tion are Muslims, 14 per cent are Hindu and rest 1 per cent are Christians and Sikhs Some people speak Goalparia Bengali (of Assam) and some people speak Mymensinghi Bengali (of Bangladesh) . Those who speak Goalparia Bengali are called Ujani and those who speak Mymensinghi Bengali are called Bhatiya in the district. There are few many differ– ences between the Ujani and Bhatiya cultures. Ghoti and Tribal peoples, who are few in numbers also contribute to the culture of the district. Nearest airport at Rupshi which is about 90 km away from the headquarter Hatsingimari. It was constructed dur-ing World War II by the British Governmet mainly for military purpose. Till 1983. the Indian Airlines and some private com-mercial flights operated regularly between Calcutta, Guwahati and Dhubri. Now it is totally closed. However, recently the ministry of DONER, Government of India has taken some initiative to renovate and functionalise the airport. The district head quarters are located at Hatsingimari town which is situated at about 245 km from Guwahati. Pre-viously, it was the head quarter of South Salmara-Mankachar Sub-division. Hatsingimari is located at the westernmost part of the south bank of Assam. To its South it is Mankachar town, to its West it is river Jinjiram a tributary of the Brahmaputra Moreover, it shares its border with Meghalaya. in the East. It is just 5 km away from Indo-Bangladesh bor-der. There are several renowned govt. and private schools and colleges in Hatsingimari area. The weekly market, or ‘Hat’ is held every Sunday from 7 am to 6 pm. It is held over an area of 2 sq km and. is recognised as one of the largest market in Assam Hatsingimari had a very busy river port on the bank of the Brahmaputra, which was used as an international trade cen-tre with the neighbouring countries. specially in British era. At present. the port is lying idle. However, small ferries trans-ports people to and fro Dhubri every day.

Mankachar is an another important commercial centre of the district. Mir-Zumla, Commander-in-chief of Aurangzeb, constructed a mosque in 17th century who encamped here for a few days while coming to invade Assam. There is no Railway station in this district. There is no National Highway in the district. Transporta-tion takes place through state maintained PWD roads, which are full of potholes.

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